Global equity markets rose to a fresh record high on Wednesday as bond yields eased after data showed inflation in the United States was not rising wildly.
Most Asia-Pacific share indexes followed Wall Street higher, while benchmark US Treasury bond yields continued their decline, marking a fresh three-week low.
Japan bucked the trend, with the Nikkei falling 0.4 percent as rising coronavirus cases raised doubts about an economic reopening with 100 days to go until Tokyo is scheduled to host the Olympics.
MSCI’s broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan gained 0.6 percent. Hong Kong’s Hang Seng rallied 1.3 percent, while China’s blue-chip index jumped 0.7 percent.
MSCI’s gauge of equity performance in 50 countries advanced 0.15 percent, extending its all-time peak.
The US consumer price index (CPI) rose by 0.6 percent, the biggest increase since August 2012, as rising vaccinations and fiscal stimulus unleashed pent-up demand. But the data is unlikely to change Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell’s view that higher inflation in coming months will be transitory.
Powell is scheduled to speak later in the day at the Economic Club of Washington.
“The market clearly braced for higher CPI readings,” Westpac strategists wrote in a client note.
They said Tuesday’s result was “clearly being interpreted within the context of the Fed’s [Federal Reserve] commitment to look through ‘transitory’ inflation impulses.”
For bond markets, the question is whether the benchmark US 10-year Treasury note yield can drop below 1.6 percent from as low as 1.611 percent on Wednesday, they wrote. Bond yields fall as their prices rise, reflecting a more cautious stance by investors.
“That has been an important technical level, which if broken could see a quick move to 1.5 percent.”
The 10-year US Treasury yield had surged from the start of the year to a 14-month high of 1.776 percent on March 30 on bets that enormous amounts of fiscal stimulus money would speed up a US recovery, stoking a faster inflation rate than Federal Reserve policymakers anticipate.
But yields have eased this month, in part owing to the US central bank’s insistence that labour market slack will prevent the economy from overheating.
A spate of strong auction results, including of 30-year bonds on Tuesday, has also helped to tame yields.
The decline in bond yields lifted US technology stocks overnight, including Apple Inc, Microsoft Corp and Amazon.com Inc.
The S&P 500 gained 0.33 percent as it also set intra-day and record closing highs, while the Nasdaq Composite added 1.05 percent. The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 0.2 percent.
Johnson & Johnson’s shares slid 1.34 percent after US federal health agencies recommended pausing the rollout of its COVID-19 vaccine for at least a few days after six women developed rare blood clots. Setbacks to vaccination dispensing programmes have raised concerns about the global economic recovery.
Earnings will be a focus on Wednesday, with JPMorgan Chase & Co and Goldman Sachs Group Inc among the companies reporting.
The US dollar eased along with Treasury yields, slipping to a three-week low against other key currencies.
Gold, a traditional inflation hedge, extended its rise from the lowest in more than a week to trade approximately $1,745 in the spot market.
Bitcoin hit a record above $63,860, extending its 2021 rally to new heights on the day Coinbase shares are due to list in the US.
In oil markets, Brent crude futures rose 40 cents to $64.07 a barrel. US crude futures added 37 cents to$60.55 a barrel.