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Când RPC decide să meargă în Taiwan, este puțin probabil să se deplaseze într-un mod care să facă o decizie clară a intervenției SUA. În cazul în care China ar decide, cel puțin inițial, împotriva unei invazii la scară largă a acelei insule naționale, ar putea opta în schimb să încerce să „câștige fără luptă”. Beijingul ar putea face acest lucru folosind marea sa flotă de pescuit controlată de stat pentru a tăia insulele mai mici controlate de Taipei de la Taiwan, întrucât RPC masează acum bărci de pescuit pentru a extinde mările controlate de China pentru a revendica reciful japonez Senkakus și Whitsun în apele filipineze. Companiile chinezești de pescuit de stat – care fac parte din așa-numita „miliție maritimă” – servesc drept fronturi pentru serviciile de informații PLA. Folosirea flotelor lor pentru a opera într-o manieră undeva între pace și conflict în zona gri de control contestat din jurul Taiwanului ar permite Beijingului să testeze dacă SUA și aliații săi sunt dispuși să ajute la apărarea independenței insulei fără a fi văzuți să inițieze un conflict deschis. „Cipher Brief a devenit cea mai populară priză pentru foști ofițeri de informații; nicio mass-media nu este chiar o secundă apropiată de The Cipher Brief în ceea ce privește numărul de articole publicate de formatori. ” – septembrie 2018, Studies in Intelligence, Vol. 62 Nu. Accesați toate perspectivele experților centrate pe securitatea națională a Cipher Brief devenind membru Cipher Brief Level I.

Tired of Muslim ‘terrorists’, charity tackles cinema stereotypes | Cinema News

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London, United Kingdom – From Bodyguard, the British television thriller series, to the US CIA drama Homeland, the portrayal of Muslim characters on-screen has often been perceived as problematic at best.

Men are cast as fringe, culturally backwards figures linked with misogyny, violence and anger. Women are depicted as oppressed victims with little to no agency.

Tired of the stereotypes, a new charity aims to change the script on representation in the entertainment industry and end the common use of anti-Muslim tropes.

Launched last week, UK Muslim Film seeks to “integrate the Muslim experience into the heart of British culture” through film and television.

Envisaged as a year-round hub, it will host screenings and masterclasses, among other events, and nurture emerging storytellers with a fund reserved for aspiring filmmakers of Muslim backgrounds – and other underrepresented groups – to boost their presence in the industry.

Backed by the British Film Institute (BFI), the charity will also advise productions on how to better represent Muslims in cinema and avoid perpetuating offensive, negative stereotypes.

‘Faith was almost used as a weapon’

British actor Sajid Varda, its founder and CEO, told Al Jazeera he was inspired to start the project after witnessing how the entertainment industry portrayed Muslims following 9/11.

“It was all very much about faith [after that],” Varda said. “The narrative was more around Muslims, Islam, and negativity … [and] faith was almost used as a weapon to create misrepresentation, with negative associations.”

He hopes to help reverse those trends and “encourage greater understanding” between Muslims and other communities.

“The mass media has a huge impact on informing people, that is the power of storytelling,” he said, linking the misrepresentation of Muslims to a rise in Islamophobia.

“It is a very powerful educational tool, especially for people who wouldn’t normally come into contact with specific minority groups, and so it can be dangerous if the media are perpetuating common tropes such as: Muslims are terrorists, Muslim men are misogynists, Muslim women are oppressed and Islam is a threat to the West.”

‘Muslims don’t feel included’

Varda is not the first from within the entertainment industry to voice concern over the way Muslims are presented on-screen, or whether they are at all.

Oscar-nominated British actor Riz Ahmed warned during a 2017 speech to the UK Parliament that the historical and widespread failure to champion diversity in films and television programmes was alienating young British Muslims and other minorities.

Ahmed, who became the first Muslim to be nominated for Best Actor by the Academy Awards this year for his performance in the Sound of Metal, said people would “switch off” from mainstream society if they did not see themselves being represented by its cultural output.

“People are looking for the message that they belong, that they are part of something, that they are seen and heard and that despite, or perhaps because of their experience, they are valued,” Ahmed said. “They want to feel represented. In that task, we have failed.”

Taking inspiration from the speech, film buffs Shaf Choudry, Isobel Ingham-Barrow and Sadia Habib established the so-called “Riz Test”.

If any answers to the following questions are “yes”, the film or TV show has failed the test, meaning typical Islamophobic tropes have been perpetuated, at least to some degree.

  1. Talking about, the victim of, or the perpetrator of terrorism?
  2. Presented as irrationally angry?
  3. Presented as superstitious, culturally backwards or anti-modern?
  4. Presented as a threat to a Western way of life?
  5. If the character is male, is he presented as misogynistic? If female, is she presented as oppressed by her male counterparts?

According to the Riz Test’s own Twitter reviews, much of the industry still fails.

Backing up those findings, Varda said: “Muslims don’t feel included, we don’t feel valued or appreciated, especially when you look at content that comes out on-screen.

“So our whole ethos is to change the script. We do need to address the negative stereotypes and tropes because they have a direct impact on Muslims on the street.”

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